Mango Pests And Diseases – Quick Overview
A mango is a native fruit to the south Asian part of the world. They are grown on trees that can reach over 100 feet in height, and mangoes can vary in color, including green, red, orange and yellow. The mango tree can only grow in warmer subtropic climates, and most of the mangoes that are for sale originate from India and China. Although this fruit is very tasty, and grows very easily in the right climate, there are many diseases and pests that afflict the mango each and every year including bacterial and fungal diseases. In this article, we will look at mango pests and diseases, and how to combat them using simple strategies and solutions.
The mango tree consists of many different components including the trunk, branches, leaves, flowers and of course the fruit. They are attacked by quite a few different pathogens which include algae, bacteria and fungi. Once on the tree, they can create a variety of problems including mildew, spots, die back and rot. The major contributor to mango losses each year is powdery mildew, officially known as Oidium mangiferae. It is actually responsible for 20% of the crop losses each year, and depending upon the latitude of the trees, over 75% of the mangoes can be destroyed. In order to combat this particular problem, a number of fungicides are used. In order to prevent the condition from happening at all, Wettable sulphur, Tridemorph and Dinocap are used every two weeks. Through regular spraying, powdery mildew can be kept under control, allowing the mangoes to grow.
Another problem that occurs is anthracnose. If the mango trees are grown in areas where there is a high amount of humidity, it can dramatically affect young shoots, the flowers, and also the fruit on the tree. Even if the mangoes are harvested in good condition, this particular disease can affect the mangoes even while being stored. Noticeable symptoms of the disease include fruit rot, twig blight, blossom blight, and also leaf spot. In order to keep this disease under control, mango trees are sprayed with Bavistin. This must be done every few weeks, specifically when the mango tree is flowering. This eliminates the possibility of anthracnose infiltrating the blossom and corrupting the tree and the fruit. It is also possible to use copper fungicides to eliminate the problem as well.
Finally, there is a very serious disease that affects most of the mangoes grown in India. It is called die
back. During the autumn months, this disease is most noticeable, characterized by branches and twigs becoming deformed, making the tree appear as if it has been scorched by fire. Other symptoms may include leaves that curl, turning brown, or the branches simply falling off of the tree. In order to control this problem, and save as many trees as possible, pruners must come in to remove the dead branches, and add copper oxycodone. Pruners should only cut a few inches past the actual infection if part of the branch is still alive.
Hopefully this information on mango pests and diseases will help you see how difficult it can be to grow the succulent fruit. Although mangoes are a very popular fruit that people enjoy eating all over the world, ensuring that crops are not lost due to bacterial infections and fungal diseases is a very real problem wherever they are grown. Fortunately, through using substances that can combat these diseases, we can enjoy mangoes each and every year due to farmers and growers that are experts at combating mango pests and diseases.